Tetanus Causes: Causes, Symptoms and Prevention of Tetanus
Another name of Tetanus is lockjaw. Tetanus is serious bacterial infection. This infection must required immediate treatment. Generally Tetanus Causes through the clostridium tetani bacterium. Clostridium tetani bacterium makes a toxin which may affect the brain and also nervous system. As a result it causes stiffness in your muscles. Below we provide the Early sign and Symptom of Tetanus and also Treatment of Tetanus.
Causes of Tetanus
It causes due to clostridium tetani bacterium. These bacteria are able to stay and live in body for long time. Generally they found in the animal manure and contaminated soil. However, it may survive almost anywhere. When those bacteria enter into a body, they double very fast and also release tetanospasmin, neurotoxin. Tetanospasmin get in the way with signal travelling from the brain to nerves in spinal cord and then muscles, which may cause muscles spasms and also stiffness.
Puncture wounds: Generally clostridium tetani comes in the body through the Puncture wounds. Carefully cleaning cut help to reduce the chances of developing infection.
General ways of contracting tetanus
- Puncture wounds
- Wounds which include necrotic tissue
- Crush injuries
- Wound which contaminated with saliva or faces
Uncommon way to contracting with Tetanus
- Bites of Insect
- Use if intravenous medicine
- Infection of dental
- Injection into muscle
- Surgical process
- Superficial wounds
Early sign and Symptom of Tetanus
Generally after 7 to 10 days of infection Tetanus Symptoms are visible. But, it can vary from 4 days to 3 weeks. In fact in some case, it can take months. Basically, further wound site is from the middle nervous system, longer the incubation time. And patients with shorter incubation times may have more sign of Tetanus.
Symptoms in muscles- Generally stiffness will start with chewing in muscles, so it is also known as lockjaw.
Then it spread to throat and neck, which may causes dysphagia. You also go on to have spasms in your facial muscles. In fact, due to chest and neck stiffness, patients may have problem in breathing. Also in some patients, limb and abdominal muscles are also affected. In some cases, spine will also arch backward because back muscles also affected. Generally, it occur in child.
Early sign and Symptom of Tetanus
- Throat sore
- Rapid Heartbeat
- Bloody stools
- Sensitivity to touch
Generally tetanus cause to the people who had not vaccine or not have a booster shot in the preceding time period.
Vaccine is given to child in particular time period as part of the DTaP shot. Generally booster is given between 11 to 18 year and other booster every 10 years. This vaccine will contain five shots, which generally given in arm or given on thigh to child they are aged.
- Two months
- Four months
- Six months
- 15 to 18 months
- 4 to 6 years
Treatment of Tetanus
Any type of cut or wound in thoroughly must cleaned to reduce and prevent the infection. In fact, wound with Tetanus prone must be treated through doctor immediately.
According to the NHS (National Health Service) prone wound is wound which need surgical intervention and also delayed for over 6 hours. Wound which has removed considerable amount of tissue. It is puncture type of injury which contact with soil or manure. OR a critical fractures in which bone exposed to infection.
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