Thyroid Disorders that you must know
Thyroid is one of the body’s most vital glands. The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland located in the center of your neck that makes thyroid hormones. Though quite small, it’s believed the master gland of metabolism and plays an important role in the functioning of organs such as kidneys, brain, heart, skin and liver. Moreover, thyroid uses iodine to produce important hormones. Thyroxine (T4) is the main hormone created by the gland. After delivery through the bloodstream to your body’s tissues, a small part of the T4 released from the gland is converted to triiodothyronine (T3) which is the generally active hormone. For the overall health of body, it is vital for the thyroid gland to stay healthy as well as function correctly. Thyroid Disorders are frequent conditions which affect the thyroid gland. There are several different types of Thyroid Disorders that can affect either its function or structure.
Common Thyroid Disorders include Hypothyroidism, Hyperthyroidism, Thyroid nodules, Goiter and also Thyroid cancer. The hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) and hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) are the most frequent and also may cause many physical, hormonal and emotional changes in your body. So, here we provide the information about common thyroid disorders that you must know.
Types of Thyroid Disorders
Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient thyroid hormone. It is also known as underactive thyroid. It can also develop from problems within the hypothalamus, thyroid gland or pituitary.
Causes of Hypothyroidism
- Thyroid hormone resistance
- Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is an autoimmune condition which triggers inflammation of thyroid gland
- Also, Other thyroiditis types like postpartum thyroiditis & acute thyroiditis
Hypothyroidism Symptoms include:
- Dry skin
- Feeling cold
- Fluid retention
- Muscle & joint aches
- Prolonged or excessive menstrual bleeding in women
- Poor concentration
Hyperthyroidism is also known as overactive thyroid. Moreover, It is a less frequent condition than hypothyroidism.
Causes of Hyperthyroidism
- Toxic multinodular goiter
- Too much iodine intake
- Graves’ disease
Hyperthyroidism Symptoms include:
- Intolerance for heat
- Concentration problem
- Increase in the bowel movements
- Unexpected weight loss
3) Thyroid Nodules
Thyroid nodules are also the common Thyroid Disorders. The nodules are more frequent in women than men. Nodules are lumps or abnormal masses in the thyroid gland. In addition, The thyroid nodules might be caused by benign tumors, benign cysts or less frequently by cancers of the thyroid. In addition, thyroid nodules don’t cause any signs and symptoms. If they grow large enough, they may also trigger swelling in your neck and also lead to pain, goiter, swallowing and also breathing difficulties.
Goiter is another common thyroid problem. A goiter is a noncancerous growth of the thyroid gland. The common goiter cause is iodine deficiency in the regular diet. Moreover, a goiter can be linked with normal thyroid function, hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism. In addition, goiter may affect anyone at any age. So ,The risk factors for goiter include radiation exposure, medical history, pregnancy and also certain medication usage.
Goiter Symptoms include:
- Voice hoarseness
- Swallowing or breathing difficulties
- Wheezing or coughing
- Tightness or swelling in the neck
5) Thyroid Cancer
Thyroid cancer is a thyroid disorders that you get when the abnormal cells start to produce in the thyroid gland. It is a rare type of cancer. In addition, thyroid cancer is more frequent among adult women than youth or men. There are different types of thyroid cancer depending upon the particular cell type in the thyroid that has become cancerous.
Thyroid Cancer Symptoms include:
- Pain in the neck & throat
- Swollen lymph nodes in the neck
- Swallowing difficulties
- Changes to the voice
- Frequent cough
- Breathing difficulties
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