Multiple Personality Disorder or Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms Causes and Treatment
Dissociative Identity Disorder formerly referred to as Multiple Personality Disorder. It refers to a condition where a person’s identity divided into two or more than two distinct personality’s state. Often, the people suffering from this rare condition are the victims of abuse that might be too severe. So, here is Multiple Personality Disorder or Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms Causes and Treatment.
What is Dissociative Identity Disorder (Multiple Personality Disorder)?
Dissociative Identity Disorder Definition – DID (Dissociative Identity Disorder) is a severe condition where two or more distinct personality’s state, or identities that are present and alternatively can take the control of particular individual. Some people also describe this as an experience of being possessed. The person suffering from this condition can also experience memory loss which is extensive and can be explained by the incidences of ordinary forgetfulness.
Dissociative Identity Disorder is a disorder that is characterize by identity fragmentation rather than number of increasing personalities. However this disturbance is not the case of direct psychological effects of substance but of a general medical condition. DID is also known as multiple personality disorder till 1994, after which the name was changed to portray a better understanding of this case. It is therefore characterise by splintering, fragmentation, of identity and not growth, proliferation, of several separate identities. Once it was rarely reported as a disorder, but with the passing of time have became more common and thus making the diagnosis controversial.
It is even believe that because the hypnotisation of the DID patients is easier, their symptoms have arise response to therapists’ suggestion. However the brain imaging studies have even statements for identity transitions in several patients.
Dissociative Identity Disorder projects
Dissociative Identity Disorder projects failure for integrating various aspects of memory identity and consciousness. A primary identity can carry the individual given name and is dependent, passive, guilty as well as depressed. Each personality’s state, when in control, can be experienced with a distinct history, identity and self image. These qualities characteristics name, gender, reported age, vocabulary, mood and general knowledge, which differs strikingly from the primary identity. Certain situations or circumstances can be the reason for particular alters to emerge. These different personalities can seem to be either denying the knowledge of the other altogether, or be critical about the other, or in some cases be in open conflict with other.
Whereas the possessed form identities behaviour appears to be as of a spirit or other supernatural being and take control of the other personality. There are several possessions from around the world that can be practices of cultural or spiritual acts. But these possession states evolve as being a disorder. When they cause distress, impairment and are often unwanted. And majorly, if are not accepted as a part of religious or cultural practices. So, now let’s check Multiple Personality Disorder or Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms Causes and Treatment.
Symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder
Only when the following criteria diagnosed in an individual it associated with Dissociative Identity Disorder. Here are some of the symptoms of Dissociative Identity Disorder.
- The individual experience two or more distinct personality states of identities. Each of them having their own pattern of perceiving, thinking, relating to self and the environment. Some cultures may also describe this as an experience of possession.
- Identity disruption can involve a change in self, agency, behavioural changes, memory, perception, consciousness, cognition as well as in motor functioning.
- There are also finding of frequent gaps found in memories regarding people, personal history, events and places for both past and the distant. The recurrent gaps are not meant to be consistent along with the ordinary forgetting.
- Symptoms such as these can cause impairment in social, occupational and other important areas of functioning, along with causing clinically significant distress.
There is an emergence of particular identities in specific circumstances. Psychological stress on the other hand triggers the transitions from one identity to another. Even in the possession form cases of Dissociative Identity Disorder, these alternate identities are thoroughly visible to the people around the individual. Whereas in the non-possession form cases, most of the individuals cannot overtly display their change in identity for long time period.
Dissociative Identity Disorder Patients
Dissociative Identity Disorder people can describe the feeling as being suddenly depersonalised observers of own actions and speech. They can even report hearing voices of spiritual power and also some of these may also accompany several streams of thought the individuals have no control over. He/she experiences strong emotions and sudden impulses that they don’t feel a control over. Some people have also reported that they also feel in themselves a sudden shift when their attitudes changes and feel it again before shifting back. For instance one minute they might feel like huge and muscular person, at the other hand, may seem little boy.
Many times, the person with Dissociative Identity Disorder can experience dissociate fugues, which makes them feel like they have travelled a lot but have no memories of it whatsoever. Sometimes the individuals are able to understand amnesia and also be able to minimize the chances of such symptoms, even when these changes and forgetfulness, time lapses are often distressing and obvious to other people.
The surprising and horrifying among all, is that 70% of Dissociative Identity Disorder sufferers have committed suicide and therefore self injurious behaviour is also common within the population. This makes it importance for necessary treatment in order to prevent suicides and improve the quality of their life.
Causes of Dissociative Identity Disorder
The main cause for the reason that why some people develop DID is not entirely answered. But time and again there have been researches which show that the main reason behind this is their experience of severe physical and sexual abuse, majorly during childhood. This is even far intact because of the countries such as U.S., Europe, Canada reports 90% cases resulting from childhood abuse.
There is no particular age as to when these disorders may start manifesting, as it can be almost any age. Individuals suffering from Dissociative Identity Disorder may suffer from post traumatic stress disorder too, where they go through several nightmares, startle responses and flashbacks. Through several studies it also found that there were much chances of developing it in those who were the biological relatives of people rather than those in general. Time has exceeded the number of cases being reported. And therefore, it becoming one of the controversial diagnostic problem. And with time, there have been many types of kinds of Dissociative Identity Disorder too. Have a look at the types evolved with time.
Types of Dissociative Identity Disorder
This one is a quite common mental disorder as compared with other two types of disorders. Bipolar Disorder is one of the well understood and also readily treated with the help of medications along with psychotherapy. Therefore, it characterized by differentiating moods of depression and mania which can last for upto many weeks and even months in those who have this disorder. The maniac people have a high level of energy and irrational beliefs about the time that could take to complete the given task. Their usual habit is to take up of many several projects to be done at a single time. But, the pateint completes none of them. These are the people who even talks at faster rate and people around them can observe them as to be in constant actions all the time.
This is the maniac mood, and when a person with bipolar disorder passes it, he/she “crashes” immediately into a depressive mood following lethargy, sadness and feeling low to do anything at all. Both these phases have sleep problems in common. Bipolar disorder is one such kind of Dissociative Identity Disorder that can diagnose throughout the person’s life. It can be present in man or woman.
Bipolar disorder treatment process
The bipolar disorder can also prove to be challenging to treat. As the medications that prescribed antidepressants that they have to take during the depression phase. However, these medications are less likely to keep the person rein the maniac mood too as suggestions feels as if they are in a “zombie like” or “lack of emotions” state. This makes it harder for patient to maintain their treatment because of it mainly in the maniac mode. However, there have been results for the people with bipolar disorder function to be functioning normally. And properly when they are in their society and can also manage to cope with their mood swings too.
The other type of Dissociative Identity Disorder is less commonly known than the bipolar disorder. It usually diagnosed in the person’s late teenage years or in early to late 20’s. This is the disorder that found more in women. And receives a diagnosis of Schizophrenia that characterized by having delusions and hallucinations. Delusions are the belief in something that is not true whereas hallucinations refer to seeing or hearing things that are not true. People with delusions have continued with their delusions even after showing them that their delusions are false. Delusions and hallucinations are both irrational as they are both the opposite of logic and reason. Reasons cannot be applied to those who have Schizophrenic delusion, and that argument will take them to practically nowhere.
Not only that, but there also comes the challenge to treat Schizophrenia. Because the patient not only fails to perform the treatment, but also acts differently in the society. Their treatment consisted of psychotherapy along with medications. However, it also involves a day program for those who suffer from severe forms or treatment-resistant disorder forms.
Due to the nature of the Schizophrenia symptoms, people with this disorder also have difficult to interact with other people. And also, not being able to conduct their normal life activities either. Some problems that can be problematic for them is to hold down a job or something like that. And therefore Schizophrenic people go off their treatment because their hallucinations tell them to do so and can end up poor and homeless.
Treatments for Dissociative Identity Disorder
One of the primary treatments for DID is the long-term psychotherapy. It associated with the goal of deconstructing many personalities and uniting them again into single one. Other treatments can also include their creative and cognitive therapies. But there are no medications that can specially treat this disorder. However, doctors prescribed anti-depressants, anti-anxiety drugs as well as tranquilizers. These help control the mental health symptoms that associated with it. With the help of proper treatment, there are many people that impaired with DID experience improvement. They have improvement in their functional ability in both, their personal as well as occupational lives.
Famous People with Dissociative Identity Disorder
If you are feeling any low or not in the right place. Then, there are several famous people who are suffering from Dissociative Identity Disorder. Famous retired NFL star such as Herschel Walker says that has struggled from Dissociative Identity Disorder for several years. But, it treated for it since the past eight years.
He has also recently published a book that showcases his struggles with Dissociative Identity Disorder along side with surprising and horrifying suicide attempts. He further talks about the feeling of disconnection from childhood as well as till professional leagues. For coping through this, he developed for himself a tough personality through which he don’t feel that lonely. He was always fearless and would want to work out the anger that he found was always suppressed within himself.
These are the “alters” that were the reasons for the abuse that he felt. Whereas according to his development, other alters were responsible for making him a NFL player that took a famous one at his work. Only then Walker was able to realize that these alternate personalities. And their transitions were only the part of his Dissociative Identity Disorder. He was, however, earlier diagnosed with it in his adulthood. It was known anddiagnoseds earlier would have cured much earlier.
We hope that you find this information on Dissociative Identity Disorder Symptoms Causes and Treatment. And it is useful and be aware of what it is, to know yourself and other betters through it.