Conjunctivitis or Pinkeye Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Pinkeye – Everything to know about Conjunctivitis or Pinkeye Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Something that we don’t normally give attention to is the occurrence of pink eye or in some cases conjunctivitis until it reaches a certain point. It is so normal and out of our concern that we don’t see the redness that might be sweeping into our eyes. This is the condition called the pink eye which caused due to many reasons so far. Here is all the information that you might need on the Conjunctivitis or Pinkeye Causes, Symptoms and Treatment.
Let us start by knowing about some of the facts about pinkeye (conjunctivitis):
- Pinke ye (conjunctivitis) is one of the reasons for infectious and non-infectious causes.
- The infectious pink eye is the one that is highly contagious
- Viral or bacterial infections are the common causes of the infectious pinke ye
- Avoid contact with infected people, good hygiene habits; disinfecting the household surfaces can all prevent the spread of infectious pink eye.
- There can be many causes such as allergy, trauma, chemical irritation, inflammatory diseases and more, that results in the non-infectious pink eye.
What is pinkeye (conjunctivitis)?
Conjunctivitis is the membrane inflammation that covers the white part of your eye and membranes cover the inner part of the eyelids. The membranes are prone to reacting to a wide range of bacteria such as allergy, viruses, toxic agents and other underlying diseases of your body. Bacterial and viral forms of conjunctivitis are actually common in childhood that can also occur in adults too. Pink eye can, therefore, occur at any age and the causes can classify it to be either infectious or non-infectious. However, remember that it doesn’t cause any harm to the vision at all.
Common Pinkeye Causes and Symptoms
- Itching Eyes
- Runny Nose
- Swollen Eyelids
- Swollen Lymph nodes
- Pus discharge in eyes
- Eye discharge
- Pain in eye
- Eye Redness
- Sinus Congestion
Here are some of the common signs and symptoms of pinkeye conjunctivitis that you must know as they are commonly found in both the types of eye infections. Now let us know about the symptoms, causes and treatment of each of the conditions in detail and be aware of what is happening to you.
Infectious Conjunctivitis Pinkeye Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
As we discover above, there are two types of an infectious pink eye – viral and bacterial pink eye. So naturally, their causes and treatment would be different too. It is better to know about both in detail to make a necessary treatment of what one might have. So first is the viral pink eye condition which is one of the infectious pink eye conditions.
The leading cause of inflamed red eye is a viral infection. Adenoviruses are viruses that are most commonly responsible for the infection. Other viruses such as herpes simplex virus, poxvirus, varicella zoster virus, picornavirus, and human immunodeficiency virus can also be the cause of such infection.
The symptoms of viral conjunctivitis usually associated with watery discharge from an eye that is colorless. The discharge can also resemble an increase in tears and watery eyes. It is most common in early spring or late fall. Along with that common cold symptoms are also present in such symptoms. Your eyelids can also appear swollen, puffy and inner eyelids redden. It can also give you sensitivity to light, where an individual experiences too much pain to look at the bright light.
Viral pink eye infection doesn’t need antibiotics but those who are affected must visit a doctor as it may be associated with a condition of a cornea. The information is provided here so that you rightfully understand what your problem is and get it treated right. Viral infections are extremely contagious and problem pertains for around 10 to 12 days after the symptoms start showing. Symptoms are more pronounced in the starting week and get a slow resolution over in one or two weeks.
Bacterial Pink eye
The types of bacteria such as Staphylococci and Streptococci are responsible for the occurrence of pink eye. There are many symptoms of pink eye that can occur rapidly over time and some of the common symptoms of bacterial pink eye are:
- Eye pain or burning sensation
- Redness in Eye
- Moderate or large amounts of oozing eye discharge, that may be usually thick or green in color
- Swelling of lymph nodes from the ears’ front.
The bacterial discharge commonly forms after sleeping. Children that affected by this type of conjunctivitis may wake up with crusty eyelashes and be worrying that their eyes sealed shut. However, it quickly resolved by placing a warm washcloth over their eyes to remove the crust and discharge. That’s way Bacterial conjunctivitis treated with the help of warm washcloth over the eyes. And it also require antibiotic eyedrops as prescribed by a doctor.
However, make sure that you never use an old medicine or one that prescribed for some else as this might be inappropriate to use because of the other infections that might occur by touching the medicine bottle to infected part. If you are going to put these in the kids’ eyes than you have to be more careful and ask the child to lie flat and close their eyes for a bit. Drop the eyedrops in the corners of the eyes near the nose bridge and make a little pool of drops there and let them sit there for a while. Then tell the child to open their eyes so that the medicine can flow gently in the membranes mucous’ and letting the drops work.
If through the above-given information you may think that you are suffering from bacterial eye infection than one must go see a doctor for several reasons. First of all, if it is this infection, it will need prescribed antibiotics. Second, if there are other symptoms such as a cough, earache, runny nose, etc. then it will need other medicines along with the antibiotics for the eyes to help the eyes. Even in the absence of such symptoms, the oral antibiotics used sometimes to get rid of some types of bacterial pink eye. And importantly, a doctor will be able to exclude any possibility of the infection spreading somewhere else, where it might not be recognizable just yet.
This is the type of bacterial pink eye itself, which is rather uncommon to be found. However, it prominently found in counties of the Middle East and Africa. Chlamydia is the cause of pinkeye in babies and adults. Particularly it refers to the cause of pinkeye that transmitted sexually. Chlamydia pink eye typically treated with both antibiotics: Drops and oral medicines. But it is not for children less than 8 years of age as it might cause teeth discoloration.
Non – Infectious Conjunctivitis or Pinkeye Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
The symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis usually followed by intense itching, tearing and membrane swelling, whereas eye pain is minimal or totally absent in such cases. Frequent causes also include seasonal pollens, dust and animal dander. It, therefore, accompanies with some usual symptoms such as sneezing, scratchy throat and itchy nose. Some of the decongestant eyedrops or moist cold compress over the eyes can provide relief. Avoid exposure to allergens that might trigger the allergic reactions which will provide the most relief. Even a doctor can prescribe some of the stronger medications if the home remedies are not enough or adequate.
The chemical pink eye can be the result of your eyes coming in contact with any irritating substance. Some of the common irritants are:
- Any kind of spray
- Household Cleaners
- Industrial pollution
- A foreign body in the eye
If any of such incidents occur to you, promptly wash your eyes with quite large amounts of water to extract the irritating substance out of the eye. You can immediately contact the doctor or local poison control centre at once. It is because that unknowingly some of the items which we might think of as being safe can be dangerous such as household products bleach or furniture polish.
Persistent conjunctivitis an also be a sign of underlying diseases or illness in the body. Common causes are the rheumatic diseases such as reactive arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and systemic lupus erythematosus. Not only that but recently it showed that the conjunctivitis also seen in Kawasaki’s disease, ulcerative colitis, and Crohn’s disease.
This is one of the commonly found types of redeye, which occurs with bright redness covering up the whites of the eyes. This changes with the eye rupture from trauma or head pressure changes. Some of the actions that might give you such results are when you laugh too much or forceful vomiting, diving underwater or even bending upside down. This is therefore similar to the conditions of Subconjunctival hemorrhage, which is harmless and appears frightening though. However one shouldn’t worry as it is very much different from the condition of a pink eye. It only affects the whites of the eyes and becomes extremely red, but causes no damage to the iris or any changes in the vision.
Home Remedies for Pinkeye- What are home remedies for conjunctivitis?
Even though it’s easy, the home remedies shouldn’t be looked upon as a substitute to visiting a healthcare professional. It is therefore important to take all the medications as prescribed by a healthcare professional for managing the infections according to what you might be suffering from. Anyways, here are some of the home remedies that can help you to relieve the symptoms of pinkeye.
Applying a moist warm compress on the eyes can help to relieve the symptoms significantly. Other treatments such as eye drops (artificial tears) can also provide quite a relief. Avoid wearing eye contact lenses until and unless resolved the pink eye or conjunctivitis. Healthcare professional can also help and offer guidance about when the time is safe to use the contact lenses. Even avoid the eye makeup and other cosmetics’ in and around the eye area until all the signs and symptoms are treated and resolved.
What types of Doctors treat Pinkeye or conjunctivitis?
You don’t need to worry about seeing a special doctor for this, as it generally treated by primary care physicians, family practitioners, and paediatricians. Eye doctor such as an ophthalmologist can also treat pink eye. If you seek care for a pink eye from an urgent care centre, it treated with the help of a specialist in emergency medicine.
What is the Prognosis of Pinkeye?
Most of the uncomplicated cases of pinkeye heal completely without any long-term complications. Pink eye is therefore related to the underlying diseases that recover over time. Some of the serious infections in the eyes can lead to vision loss over time if not treated properly. Therefore it is important to take care of persistent pink eye or the one that is associated with the decreased vision.
How to prevent the spread of pinkeye?
The infectious forms of pinkeye are deemed to be highly contagious and can be spread onto through direct contact with the people that are infected. If a person is suffering from infectious pink eye you have to avoid touching the eye area and keep washing the hands frequently. Particularly after applying medicine to eyes it is a must. Immediately stop sharing your handkerchiefs, towels and remember to throw away the tissues that you have used. Some of the disinfecting surfaces such as countertops, doorknobs, sinks and other such places can also prevent the infectious pink eye spread.
These were some of the information on Conjunctivitis or Pinkeye Causes, Symptoms and Treatment. This can help you better to detect pinkeye and conjunctivitis better. Thank you for visiting carebaba.com. Also, visit us on Facebook and Twitter for latest updates.