Vertigo Symptoms Causes Treatments and Home Remedies
One of the widely known health problems nowadays is Vertigo. But the problem arises when people are dense about what they are going through and what they should do in order to protect their health from such conditions. Therefore here is all the information that you might want to know about Vertigo Symptoms Causes Treatments and Home Remedies.
What is Vertigo?
To start with let us first know about what is Vertigo? Vertigo is a sense of rotation, world spinning, rocking or moving experience even when one is perfectly still. We all know that feeling of Vertigo that you might experience when you go spinning. That type of induced vertigo shall only last for about few moments and disappears. However the medical condition of vertigo causes through an injury or occurs spontaneously that lasts for many hours and sometimes even days before resolving.
Sound waves tend to travel through your outer ear canal until they reach your ear drums. At this point the sound turn into vibrations transmitted through inner ears via three small bones – the stapes, the malleus and the stapes — to cochlea and finally to the vestibular nerve. Once the vibrations reach there it then signals your brain. One more important part of our ear is the collection of semicircular canals. They are right angled position towards each other and lined with sensitive cells to act like gyroscope of the body.
What are the signs and symptoms of vertigo?
There are many signs and symptoms of vertigo that you should be aware of. The major symptoms of vertigo include the sense of moving or spinning. These symptoms should not be mistaken with the feeling you experience when you go on a spinning spree or merry go round. The dizziness and movement that you experience in vertigo is when you are perfectly still. Movement of the body and head or rolling over in the bed can intensify and worsen the conditions even further. Other symptoms like nausea and vomiting can also occur which are different from lightheadedness and fainting.
Many physical examinations also include signs showing abnormal eye movements called as nystagmus. Some people can also experience imbalance in vertigo association. But you advised to be careful if these signs or imbalance lasts for more than few days. The vertigo accompanied by weakness or coordination of one side lacks. If the situation still persists there are more chances of stroke or other problems related to brain much higher. In such cases, you are advice to see your doctor and get the necessary help recommended.
What are the causes of vertigo?
There are number of different causes of vertigo that proves its existence in you. It can e defined on the basis of peripheral or central cause. The peripheral vertigo causes by the problem in the inner ear, whereas the central vertigo arises in brain or spinal cord. However,the inner ear gets inflamed because of the illnesses. The small crystal like stones found in it displaced causing irritation for small hair cells. To the semicircular canals which leads to vertigo. This is known as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).
Meniere’s disease is the vertigo that associated with tinnitus and hearing loss, caused by the fluid build up in the inner ear. However the cause for the fluid accumulation is unknown and therefore may lead to many injuries damaging the inner ear and being a cause of vertigo. Infrequently there can also be strokes that affects the areas of brain, multiple sclerosis and tumor that leads to vertigo onset. Patients with the basilar artery migraine, a type of migraine headache can also develop vertigo as a symptom.
What are the risk factors for vertigo?
The head injuries can increase the risk of developing vertigo including the use of different medications for blood pressure, medications, antidepressants and also aspirin. If something can increase your risk for strokes, it can also increase your risk of undergoing the development of vertigo. Some of the major risk factors for vertigo are:
- High blood pressure
- Heart diseases
- Alcohol Consumption
There is therefore seems that there is 2 to 3% of the population at the risk of developing vertigo. The studies also shows that there as slightly higher rate of chances for older women to develop such conditions.
How to diagnosed vertigo?
For the diagnosis of vertigo, it is important to consider various factors to know about its existence. Such as the record and information about various medications taken over time and other lifestyle things associated with their health considered. The things that you might consider unnecessary or irrelevant, plays an important role for diagnosing the cause and the reason for vertigo.
Once you know about the history of the patient a physical examination performed. This involves complete neurologic exam to evaluate the brain functioning to determine whether vertigo is central or peripheral. There are new symptoms of vertigo that works upon to rule out stroke as the primary cause. The history, imaging, physical exam or anything else that is critical and dangerous to health are ruled out for any life endangering health problems. Abnormal eye problems and incoordination can help to identify all the underlying problems.
A test called the Dix-Hallpike and it done to recreate the symptoms of vertigo involving the abrupt positioning of the person’s head and monitoring the symptoms that might occur. Another test called the “roll test” can also occur where a patient’s lies flat and still and head is rapidly in motion from side to side. Along with the Dix-Hallpike even the roll test can help you to find the underlying problem of vertigo.
These tests are sometimes not enough and it may require a MRI or CAT scan of the inner ears and brain to exclude structural problems such as stroke. Audiometry can ordered if hearing loss is suspected. However hearing loss is not seen as a common cause of vertigo in BPPV. Electronystagmography, electrical evaluation of vertigo, help to differentiate between peripheral and central vertigo. But, it not generally performed.
What is the treatment for vertigo?
There are many effective and beneficial treatments for vertigo out there. One such beneficial treatment for peripheral vertigo includes particle repositioning movements. Some of the most well known treatments are Epley maneuver or canalith repositioning procedures. During this treatment, many specific head movements take place to ensure the movement of the loose crystals within the inner ear. When these canaliths repositioned, they cause less and less irritation thus resolving the problem. However these movements lead to vertigo worsening situation. it is highly recommend through a health care professional or physical therapist.
Some more exercises such as Cawthrone head exercises and vestibular rehabilitation habituation exercises are series of eye and head movements leading to decreasing sensitivity of the nerves within the inner ear thus resulting in vertigo improvement. Some simpler movements can practise by the patient on regular basis for the best results.
Although medication can provide some relief, they are not recommending for long term use. Even though they can lower the intensity of the vertigo symptoms, they may also cause drowsiness as a result. Other medications in the market can also decrease vomiting and nausea as a result. But you must remember that they are only providing you the symptomatic relief, but are not the “cures” for vertigo.
Are home remedies effective for treating vertigo?
There are several suggestions that you might find on vertigo treatment at home, however most of these treatments are ineffective. There are cases where vertigo can reoccur rather spontaneously in some days. This proves that several exercises are only able to resolve the symptoms of the medical condition and not its cures.
Some exercises such as vestibular rehabilitation exercises (Cawthrone head exercises). Or else modify versions of Epley maneuvers on a regular basis by the patients eventually lead to mark improvements in vertigo.
Can vertigo be prevented?
If you are successful in controlling the risk factors of vertigo, you might be able to decrease the risk of developing central vertigo. This when said, includes making sure blood pressure, cholesterol, weight and blood glucose levels are in optimal ranges. To decrease the symptoms of vertigo for Meniere’s disease, salt control is also helpful. If you diagnosed with peripheral vertigo, vestibular rehabilitation exercises should perform. According to various researches, it was found that the routine rehabilitation exercises can help you to prevent recurrent episodes.
The reason that most of the vertigo cases occur spontaneously, it is difficult to predict what exactly is at risk, because complete avoidance or prevention might not take place. But maintaining a healthy lifestyle can also decrease the risk of experiencing such conditions.
What is the prognosis for vertigo?
Patients with peripheral vertigo were able to find substantial relief with the treatments and suggest that Epley maneuver in BPPV can benefit 90% of affected patients. Even in the first year of BPPV more than 15% recurrence undergoes after the first episode. But it very unlikely that it will go beyond that in a few days. If vertigo persists, evaluation of any underlying structural problems such as of brain, inner ear or the spinal canal might be necessary.